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Cancer Res. 1998 Dec 1;58(23):5280-4.

Increased expression of hypoxia inducible factor-1alpha in rat and human prostate cancer.

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  • 1James Buchanan Brady Urological Institute Research Laboratories, Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, Maryland 21287-2411, USA.

Abstract

Hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1) is a transcription factor that regulates genes involved in adaptation to hypoxia. Expression of HIF-1alpha was evaluated in rat and human prostate cancer cell lines. Increased expression of HIF-1alpha mRNA in rat prostate cancer cell lines and hypoxia-induced expression of HIF-1alpha protein in human prostate cancer cell lines are associated with increased cell growth rates and metastatic potential. HIF-1alpha mRNA was undetectable in the normal rat ventral prostate by Northern blot hybridization. HIF-1alpha protein expression and HIF-1 DNA binding activity were detected in normoxic PC-3 cells. Human prostate cancer cells plated at low density manifested higher functional HIF-1alpha expression than cells plated at high density independent of O2 tension. HIF-1alpha may become dysregulated in prostate cancer and thus drive the transcription of hypoxia-adaptive genes involved in tumor progression. This is also the first evidence that human cancer cells can express functional HIF-1alpha protein under normoxic conditions.

PMID:
9850048
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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