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Sex Transm Infect. 1998 Jun;74(3):202-4.

The supermarket for women's reproductive health: the burden of genital infections in a family planning clinic in Nairobi, Kenya.

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  • 1Department Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Ghent, Belgium.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To study the burden of disease of reproductive tract infections (RTIs) and cervical dysplasia in women attending a family planning clinic in Nairobi, Kenya, and to assess the acceptability of integrating reproductive healthcare services into existing family planning facilities.

METHODS:

In a family planning clinic in Nairobi, Kenya, 520 women were enrolled in a study on RTI and cervical dysplasia.

RESULTS:

RTI pathogens were detected in over 20% of women, the majority being asymptomatic. HIV-1 testing was positive in 10.2%. The diagnosis of cervical dysplasia was made on 12% of the cytology smears (mild in 5.8%, moderate in 3.5%, severe in 1.2%), and 1.5% had invasive cervical cancer. The intervention of case detection of RTI and Papanicolaou smear taking was well received by clients and considered feasible by the staff.

CONCLUSIONS:

Early detection and treatment of potentially curable cervical lesions and RTI provide a unique opportunity to improve women's health. In Kenya, where the current contraceptive prevalence rate is 33%, family planning clinics are excellent sites to introduce health interventions.

PMID:
9849556
PMCID:
PMC1758107
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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