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Nucleic Acids Res. 1999 Jan 1;27(1):377-9.

LIGAND database for enzymes, compounds and reactions.

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  • 1Institute for Chemical Research, Kyoto University, Uji, Kyoto 611-0011, Japan.


LIGAND is a composite database consisting of three sections and containing the information of chemical substances, chemical reactions and enzymes that catalyze reactions. The COMPOUND section is a collection of metabolic compounds, as well as macromolecules, chemical elements and other chemical substances in a living cell. The ENZYME section is a collection of all known enzymatic reactions, together with the information of enzyme molecules, classified according to the EC (Enzyme Commission) numbers. The REACTION section is a new addition to the database containing metabolic reactions that appear in the pathway diagrams of the KEGG/PATHWAY database and/or in the ENZYME section. The LIGAND database can be accessed through the WWW ( or may be downloaded by anonymous FTP ( jp/molecules/ligand).

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