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Gesundheitswesen. 1998 Oct;60(10):552-7.

[The "Qualified Detoxification Treatment of Drug Dependent Patients" Federal Model Project in a general hospital: concept, investments and clinical results].

[Article in German]

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  • 1Medizinische Abteilung, Krankenhaus München-Schwabing.


For 150,000 drug addicts 5,200 therapy slots are available in Germany. Until the late 80's detoxification treatment was only given a subordinate role in treating drug addicts. Due to the threat of the infectious disease AIDS and the increasing number of drug deaths new concepts were explored: In 1991 the first qualified detoxification ward for drug addicts was opened in a general hospital under the auspices of the Federal German model project "compact therapy for comprehensive drug treatment". Subsequently more than ten detoxification wards specifically for drug addicts were established in Bavaria alone, primarily in psychiatric county hospitals. Drug addicts are accepted into these qualified detoxification wards without preparation and precondition. Data of 1656 drug addicts were analysed who were treated between 1991 and 1996 at the ward described below: More than 70% come directly from the scene and 33% were accepted for the first time to inpatient detoxification treatment. Most of them are diagnosed with addictions to at least two substances (three substances 44%, two substances 24%). Many suffer from additional diseases: In 1079 out of 1656 a positive hepatitis-C serology was found, 22% had previously tried to commit suicide, 37% had to be treated in intensive-care because of life-threatening intoxication. Nevertheless, 58% of the drug addicts are transferred into continuing therapy after detoxification treatment or they continue to work in permanent employment. During detoxification treatment no patient died. Acceptance, additional diseases which can be diagnosed and treated best in a general hospital, and the high prevalence of addicted persons (at least 17-24%) in internal medical or surgical wards suggest that establishing qualified wards with special settings for addicts in general hospital is useful.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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