Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Kidney Int. 1998 Nov;54(5):1542-9.

Cultured human glomerular mesangial cells express the C5a receptor.

Author information

  • 1Division of Nephrology, Children's Hospital Research Foundation, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

While the association of complement activation and glomerulonephritis has been recognized for decades, the pathogenic mechanisms of complement-mediated glomerular damage are incompletely understood. Expression of the C5a receptor in the kidney suggests that C5a could play a direct role in initiating or promoting glomerulonephritis.

METHODS:

Expression of the C5a receptor by cultured human glomerular mesangial cells (HGMC) was examined by immunofluorescence, by FACS analysis and by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Potential mitogenic effects were examined by analysis of neutral red dye uptake after treatment with recombinant C5a (rC5a). The production of cytokines [interleukin-1 (IL-1), interleukin-8 (IL-8), and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1)] and growth factors [transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) and platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF-AB)] by mesangial cells stimulated with rC5a was examined by ELISA of cell culture supernatants.

RESULTS:

Expression of the C5a receptor by the cultured HGMC was demonstrated by both immunofluorescence and FACS. The presence of mRNA encoding the receptor was confirmed by RT-PCR. Treatment of HGMC in vitro with rC5a resulted in mild cellular proliferation. No IL-1 was detected despite stimulation with up to 100 nM rC5a. Concentrations of IL-8 and TGF-beta did not increase beyond basal levels in control samples at any level of stimulation. Mean MCP-1 concentrations and PDGF-AB concentrations increased by 40% and 70% above control values 48 hours post-stimulation (P = 0.01 and P = 0.003, respectively).

CONCLUSIONS:

These data indicate that the C5a receptor is expressed on HGMC in vitro, and may play a role in mediating glomerular injury by promoting cellular proliferation and the production of cytokines and growth factors.

PMID:
9844130
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Nature Publishing Group
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk