Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
We are sorry, but NCBI web applications do not support your browser and may not function properly. More information
Vis Neurosci. 1998 Nov-Dec;15(6):1007-27.

Cytochrome-oxidase blobs and intrinsic horizontal connections of layer 2/3 pyramidal neurons in primate V1.

Author information

  • 1Systems Neurobiology Laboratories-C, The Salk Institute for Biological Studies, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.

Abstract

Pyramidal neurons in superficial layers of cerebral cortex have extensive horizontal axons that provide a substrate for lateral interactions across cortical columns. These connections are believed to link functionally similar regions, as suggested by the observation that cytochrome-oxidase blobs in the monkey primary visual cortex (V1) are preferentially connected to blobs and interblobs to interblobs. To better understand the precise relationship between horizontal connections and blobs, we intracellularly labeled 20 layer 2/3 pyramidal neurons in tangential living brain slices from V1 of macaque monkeys. The locations of each cell body and the cell's synaptic boutons relative to blobs were quantitatively analyzed. We found evidence for two cell types located at characteristic distances from blob centers: (1) neurons lacking long-distance, clustered axons (somata 130-200 microm from blob centers) and (2) cells with clustered, long-distance axon collaterals (somata < 130 microm or >200 microm from blob centers). For all cells, synaptic boutons close to the cell body were located at similar distances from blob centers as the cell body. The majority of boutons from cells lacking distal axon clusters were close to their cell bodies. Cells located more than 200 microm from blob centers were in interblobs and had long-distance clustered axon collaterals selectively targeting distant interblob regions. Cells located less than 130 microm from blob centers were found within both blobs and interblobs, but many were close to traditionally defined borders. The distant synaptic boutons from these cells were generally located relatively near to blob centers, but the neurons closest to blob centers had synaptic boutons closer to blob centers than those farther away. There was not a sharp transition that would suggest specificity for blobs and interblobs as discrete, binary entities. Instead they appear to be extremes along a continuum. These observations have important implications for the function of lateral interactions within V1.

PMID:
9839966
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Cambridge University Press
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk