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Brain Res. 1998 Dec 7;813(2):229-40.

Unilateral absence of the terminal nerve and distribution of gonadotropin-releasing hormone immunoreactive neurons in the brain of the common mole-rat (Cryptomys, Rodentia).

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  • 1Department of Anatomy and Histology, J. Gutenberg-University, Becherweg 13, D-55128, Mainz, Germany. jastrow@goofy.zdv.uni-mainz.de


A paired terminal nerve with gonadotropin-releasing hormone-immunoreactive (GnRHir) neurons was found in five of six specimens of the Zambian common mole-rat (Cryptomys sp.). In these animals the distribution of GnRHir neurons in the CNS was approximately even on both sides. One adult female lacked a right terminal nerve, yet exhibited a comparable total number of GnRHir neurons, most of which were located on the left side of the brain, i. e., on that side where the terminal nerve was present. An additional population of GnRHir cells was detected in the area of the parafascicular and dorsomedial thalamic nuclei of three non-reproductive adult females, but not in young animals (one female, two males). The additional GnRHir cells, referred to as dark spot cells (DSCs) since their perikarya exhibit large or small strongly immunoreactive vacuoles, were present on both sides of the brain in equal numbers even in the specimen with unilateral absence of the terminal nerve. Obviously, the lack of one terminal nerve correlates with a drastic reduction in the number of ipsilateral genuine neurons but leaves the DSCs unaffected.

Copyright 1998 Elsevier Science B.V.

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