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J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs. 1998 Nov-Dec;27(6):646-51.

Lactation duration: influences of human milk replacements and formula samples on women planning postpartum employment.

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  • 1Department of Family and Consumer Sciences, Ball State University, Muncie, IN 47306, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To examine the influences of inhospital administration of breast milk replacements and receipt of formula samples on lactation duration among women planning postpartum employment.

DESIGN:

Prospective design.

SETTING:

Telephone interviews conducted prenatally and at 6 weeks, 3 months, and 6 months post-partum.

PARTICIPANTS:

Sixty-nine participants entered the study; 53 completed all scheduled interviews.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Incidence and type of in-hospital human milk replacement, incidence and sources of formula samples, incidence of breastfeeding at 6 weeks postpartum, and duration of lactation.

RESULTS:

During hospitalization, 19% of infants received formula; the incidence of breastfeeding at 6 weeks and duration of breastfeeding were significantly shorter in these infants compared with infants who were not fed formula. Fifty-nine percent of participants received formula samples from the hospital, 30% received samples from a physician's office, and 51% received samples by mail. Receipt of formula samples by mail was associated with reduced incidence of breastfeeding at 6 weeks and shortened duration of lactation.

CONCLUSIONS:

Early formula feeding and receipt of formula samples by mail may be barriers to lactation in women employed outside the home.

PMID:
9836159
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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