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Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 1998 Dec;42(12):3107-12.

Effect of fluoxetine on pharmacokinetics of ritonavir.

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  • 1Abbott Laboratories, Abbott Park, Illinois 60064-3500, USA.


The potential interaction between fluoxetine, a known inhibitor of cytochrome P-450 isoform 2D6 (CYP2D6), and ritonavir, a human immunodeficiency virus type 1 protease inhibitor, was evaluated in this open-label study. Sixteen male and female subjects ranging in age from 18 to 40 years completed the study. Subjects received single doses of 600 mg of ritonavir on days 1 and 10. On study days 3 to 10, all subjects received 30 mg of fluoxetine every 12 h for a total of 16 consecutive doses. Serial blood samples for determination of ritonavir concentrations in plasma were collected after the administration of ritonavir on days 1 and 10. A limited number of blood samples for determination of fluoxetine and norfluoxetine concentrations were collected after administration of the morning dose on day 10. A statistically significant increase (19%) in the ritonavir area under the concentration-time curve (AUC) was observed with concomitant fluoxetine administration, with individual changes ranging from -12 to +56%. The change in the ritonavir AUC with concomitant fluoxetine administration was positively correlated with the norfluoxetine 24-h AUC (AUC24) (r2 = 0.42), the norfluoxetine/fluoxetine AUC24 ratio (r2 = 0.53), and the fluoxetine elimination rate constant (r2 = 0.65), with larger increases in the ritonavir AUC tending to occur with higher norfluoxetine concentrations and higher fluoxetine elimination rate constants. The effect of fluoxetine appeared to be larger in subjects with the CYP2D6 wt/wt genotype. There was little or no effect on the time to maximum drug concentration (Cmax) in serum, Cmax, and the elimination rate constant of ritonavir with concomitant fluoxetine administration. Considering the magnitude of the change observed, no ritonavir dose adjustment is recommended during concomitant fluoxetine administration.

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