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Mol Carcinog. 1998 Nov;23(3):175-84.

The effect of vitamin E acetate on ultraviolet-induced mouse skin carcinogenesis.

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  • 1Division of Nutritional Sciences, The University of Texas at Austin, USA.

Abstract

Despite the benefits of sunscreens, ultraviolet (UV) exposure can still lead to skin cancer. In this study we investigated the effect of topical application of the antioxidant vitamin E acetate (VEA) on the inhibition of UV-induced carcinogenesis. Hairless SKH-1 mice received 5.2 mg of VEA 30 min before (VEA/UV) or after (UV/ VEA) a single minimal erythemic dose of UV light. Vehicle-control animals received acetone 30 min before UV exposure (Ace/UV). After 24 h, cyclobutane dimer repair was twofold and 1.5-fold greater in the UVNEA and VEA/UV groups, respectively. Expression of p53 protein in the UV/VEA group was maximum at 12 h after UV exposure, whereas in the Ace/UV- and VEA/UV-treated mice, maximum p53 immunostaining was statistically higher at 15 h (P = 0.03). DNA synthesis as determined by 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine incorporation was twofold higher after 15 h in all groups but was not statistically different among treatment groups. Protein levels of cyclin D1 and p21 were increased in both VEA groups by 6 h. In addition, VEA treatments delayed tumor formation and yield for the first 20 wk, although this difference was lost by 30 wk. The telomerase activity of carcinomas from the UV/VEA-treated mice was statistically lower than that of the Ace/UV-treated mice (P = 0.05). This study showed that although VEA may mitigate some of the initial events associated with UV irradiation such as DNA damage and p53 expression, it has limited potential in preventing UV-induced proliferation and tumor formation.

PMID:
9833778
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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