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J Biol Chem. 1998 Dec 4;273(49):32670-8.

H2O2 and tumor necrosis factor-alpha induce differential binding of the redox-responsive transcription factors AP-1 and NF-kappaB to the interleukin-8 promoter in endothelial and epithelial cells.

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  • 1Department of Immunology/Microbiology, Rush-Presbyterian, St. Luke's Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois 60612, USA.


We previously demonstrated that tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFalpha) and H2O2 differentially regulate interleukin-8 (IL-8) and intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM-1) gene expression in endothelial and epithelial cells. H2O2 induced IL-8 expression in the A549 and BEAS-2B epithelial cell lines, but not in the human microvessel endothelial cell line, HMEC-1 or human umbilical vein endothelial cells. In contrast, H2O2 induced ICAM-1 only in endothelial cells. Unlike H2O2, the proinflammatory cytokine TNFalpha induced IL-8 and ICAM-1 in both cell types. In this study, we examine the role of the redox-responsive transcription factors AP-1 and nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) in the differential expression of IL-8. DNA binding studies using nuclear protein extracts from HMEC-1 and A549 cells stimulated with H2O2 or TNFalpha demonstrated differential activation and promoter binding of AP-1 and NF-kappaB. H2O2 activated AP-1 but not NF-kappaB in A549, whereas TNFalpha activated AP-1 as well as NF-kappaB. In HMEC-1, TNFalpha activated NF-kappaB but not AP-1, while H2O2 did not activate either transcription factor. The differential activation of the factors was also reflected in their differential binding to the IL-8 promoter. Moreover, the H2O2 concentration dependent increase in epithelial IL-8 mRNA expression directly corresponded to the H2O2 concentration dependent binding of AP-1 to the IL-8 promoter. Supershift analysis revealed H2O2 as well as TNFalpha induced AP-1 complexes containing c-Fos and JunD. TNFalpha induced NF-kappaB complexes containing Rel A (p65). Immunohistochemical staining of HMEC-1 and A549 cells revealed TNFalpha stimulated nuclear localization of Rel A, whereas no translocation of Rel A was detected in either cell type stimulated by H2O2. These data indicate that the cell type-specific induction of IL-8 gene expression by H2O2 and TNFalpha in HMEC-1 and A549 cells can be explained by the differential binding of AP-1 and NF-kappaB to the IL-8 promoter.

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