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Drugs. 1998 Nov;56(5):871-93.

Trandolapril. An update of its pharmacology and therapeutic use in cardiovascular disorders.

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  • 1Adis International Limited, Auckland, New Zealand. demail@adis.co.nz

Abstract

Trandolapril is an orally administered angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor that has been used in the treatment of patients with hypertension and congestive heart failure (CHF), and after myocardial infarction (MI). Trandolapril is a nonsulfhydryl prodrug that is hydrolysed to the active diacid trandolaprilat. Trandolapril 2 mg once daily provides effective control of blood pressure (BP) over 24 hours in patients with mild to moderate hypertension, with a trough/peak ratio of BP reduction (as determined by 24-hour ambulatory monitoring) consistently > or = 50%. Trandolapril has similar antihypertensive efficacy to enalapril as indicated by several clinical trials. Combined therapy with trandolapril and sustained-release verapamil has a significantly greater antihypertensive effect than either agent alone. Only limited data are available on the use of trandolapril in patients with CHF, although ACE inhibitors as a class are recommended as first line therapy in such patients. In the Trandolapril Cardiac Evaluation (TRACE) study, trandolapril 1 to 4 mg once daily resulted in an early and long term reduction in all-cause mortality, including cardiovascular mortality, in patients with left ventricular (LV) dysfunction after an MI. Trandolapril therapy was commenced a mean 4.5 days after acute MI and continued for 24 to 50 months. At study end, the relative risk of death from any cause with trandolapril versus placebo was 0.78 (p = 0.001). The tolerability profile of trandolapril is similar to that of other ACE inhibitors. Most adverse events are mild and transient in nature, and include cough, asthenia, dizziness, headache and nausea. Trandolapril has no adverse effect on lipid or carbohydrate metabolism.

CONCLUSIONS:

trandolapril has a favourable pharmacological profile and an antihypertensive efficacy at least comparable to that of other ACE inhibitors. The pharmacological characteristics of trandolapril allow it to provide good 24-hour control of BP with once-daily administration. Trandolapril has also demonstrated some efficacy in a small number of patients with CHF. In addition, trandolapril provides long term protection against all-cause mortality in patients with LV dysfunction after MI. The results of the Prevention of Events with Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibition (PEACE) study will determine its potential as a cardioprotective agent in patients with coronary artery disease and preserved LV function. Thus, trandolapril represents an effective, well-tolerated and convenient treatment option for patients with mild to moderate hypertension or LV systolic dysfunction after MI.

PMID:
9829159
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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