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J Gen Intern Med. 1998 Nov;13(11):740-5.

Comparing standard care with a physician and pharmacist team approach for uncontrolled hypertension.

Author information

  • 1Department of Medicine, John A. Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To assess the effect of a physician and pharmacist teamwork approach to uncontrolled hypertension in a medical resident teaching clinic, for patients who failed to meet the recommended goals of the fifth Joint National Commission on Detection, Evaluation and Treatment of High Blood Pressure.

HYPOTHESIS:

Physician and pharmacist teamwork can improve the rate of meeting national blood pressure goals in patients with previously uncontrolled hypertension.

DESIGN:

A single-blinded randomized controlled trial lasting 6 months.

SETTING:

A primary care outpatient teaching clinic.

PATIENTS:

A sample of 95 adult hypertensive patients who failed to meet national blood pressure goals based on three consecutive visits over a 6-month period.

INTERVENTION:

Patients were randomly assigned to a control arm of standard medical care or to an intervention arm in which a physician and pharmacist worked together as a team.

MAIN RESULTS:

At study completion, the percentage of patients achieving national goals due to intervention was more than double the percentage in the control arm (55% vs 20%, p < .001). Systolic blood pressure declined 23 mm Hg in the intervention arm versus 11 mm Hg in the control arm (p < .01). Diastolic blood pressure declined 14 and 3 mm Hg in the intervention and control arms, respectively (p < .001). The intervention worked equally as well in men and women and demonstrated noticeable promise in a minority of mixed-ancestry Hawaiians in whom hypertension is of special concern.

CONCLUSIONS:

Patients who fail to achieve national blood pressure goals under standard outpatient medical care may benefit from a program that includes a physician and pharmacist teamwork approach.

PMID:
9824519
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC1497023
Free PMC Article
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