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Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 1998 Nov;22(11):1084-7.

Association of leptin and hunger-satiety ratings in obese women.

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  • 1Clinic of Internal Medicine, Inselspital, University of Berne, Switzerland.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To measure leptin, insulin and cholecystokinin (CCK) concentrations in obese women on calorie restriction and to determine their correlation with hunger-satiety ratings. Although it has been proposed to play a role in appetite regulation, the effects of physiological concentrations of these hormones on hunger-satiety in humans have not yet been well established.

DESIGN:

Prospective metabolic study. A two week 'wash-in period' followed by a three-week observation period, during which each subject underwent six measurements of satiety, blood parameters and body weight.

SETTING:

Energy Metabolism Research Unit, Department of Nutrition Sciences, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA.

SUBJECTS:

22 moderately to severely overweight women (mean age: 45 +/- 8 y; body mass index (BMI): 33 +/- 6 kg/m2).

INTERVENTION:

Energy restriction, in the form of a 3.3 MJ (800 kcal) diet during five weeks.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS:

Fasting blood levels of leptin, insulin, glucose and CCK, fasting hunger-satiety scores and body weight.

RESULTS:

The mean (+/- s.d.) fasting serum leptin concentration at the beginning of the observation period was 26.1 +/- 15.9 ng/ml (range: 6.7-59.8 ng/ml). Leptin concentrations correlated positively with body weight (P < 0.0001). Furthermore, reductions in body weight were associated with decreases in fasting leptin levels (P = 0.002). Leptin concentrations correlated with serum levels of insulin (P = 0.0001) and CCK (P = 0.06), but in multivariate analysis including insulin, CCK and glucose, only leptin had a significant relationship with satiety (P = 0.04). This relationship was linear.

CONCLUSIONS:

These results confirm the association between leptin levels, body weight and serum insulin. We also showed that higher serum leptin levels correlated with greater feelings of fullness, a relationship which was not blunted in the more obese subjects. These findings suggest that leptin is a satiety hormone that reduces appetite, even in obese individuals, and that weight gain must be due to other factors, overriding this feed-back regulation.

PMID:
9822946
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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