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J Immunol. 1998 Nov 15;161(10):5614-20.

IL-1 receptor accessory protein is an essential component of the IL-1 receptor.

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  • 1Chrysalis, Princeton, NJ 08540, USA.

Abstract

The recently described IL-1R accessory protein (IL-1R AcP) interacts with IL-1beta and the IL-1 type-IR (IL-1RI), but an essential requirement for IL-1R AcP in IL-1 signaling in vitro has not been established and its role in vivo has not been examined. In this study, IL-1R AcP-deficient mice and fibroblasts were produced and characterized. All IL-1 agonists bound to IL-1R AcP-deficient cells through the type I IL-1R, but failed to activate gene expression through either the nuclear factor-kappaB or AP-1-dependent signaling pathways. Absence of IL-1R AcP differentially affected the affinity for IL-1 ligands. IL-1R AcP-deficient fibroblasts bound murine IL-1alpha and human IL-1R antagonist protein (IL-1Ra) with only moderately reduced affinity when compared with wild-type cells, whereas murine IL-1beta affinity was reduced by 70-fold. IL-1 also failed to produce a biologic response in vivo in IL-1R AcP-deficient mice. These data demonstrate that a type I IL-1R/IL-1R AcP complex is required for signaling by all IL-1 agonists and for high affinity binding by IL-1beta. Finally, IL-1R AcP is an essential signal transducing component of the functional IL-1R and should represent a novel target for blocking IL-1 function in human disease.

PMID:
9820540
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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