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Kaohsiung J Med Sci. 1998 Oct;14(10):644-52.

Dexon and nylon-sutured wound reaction in conjunctival flap after trabeculectomy combined with or without topical application of mitomycin-C.

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  • 1Department of Ophthalmology, Kaohsiung Medical College, Taiwan, Republic of China.

Abstract

In this study, rabbits were used to evaluate the sutured wound reaction with Dexon or nylon in the conjunctival flap 1, 4, 7, 14 and 28 days after trabeculectomy surgery with or without the use of mitomycin-C. Four major treated groups were used to compare their wound healing reaction; group 1--nylon-suture and non-mitomycin treatment; group 2--nylon-suture and mitomycin treatment; group 3--Dexon-suture and non-mitomycin treatment; group 4--Dexon-suture and mitomycin treatment. One day after surgery, the number of polymorphs was the greatest most in the nylon-sutured and non-mitomycin treated tissues (86 +/- 2). Four days after surgery, the number of polymorphs was the greatest most in Dexon-sutured and non-mitomycin treated tissues (109 +/- 87). The number of fibroblasts was the greatest most in nylon-sutured and non-mitomycin treated tissues (111 +/- 23). Seven days after surgery, the number of polymorphs was the greatest most in Dexon-sutured and mitomycin treated tissues (32 +/- 12). The number of fibroblasts was the greatest most in nylon-sutured and non-mitomycin treated tissues (126 +/- 15). Fourteen days after surgery, the number of fibroblasts was the greatest most in Dexon-sutured and non-mitomycin tissues (43 +/- 10). The number of goblet cells was the greatest most in nylon-sutured and non-mitomycin treated tissues (4 +/- 2). Twenty-eight days after surgery, the number of fibroblasts was the greatest most in Dexon-sutured and mitomycin treated tissues (40 +/- 15). The number of goblet cells was the greatest most in nylon-sutured and non-mitomycin treated tissues (4 +/- 2). Our conclusions are as follows: 1). The concentration of mitomycin in conjunctival wound edge should be maintained at as low a level as possible because the mitomycin will delay the wound healing process; 2). Nylon material is better than Dexon for conjunctival wound suture because nylon could induce a great quantity of fibroblasts before Dexon did.

PMID:
9819507
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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