Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Am J Physiol. 1998 Nov;275(5 Pt 1):G1010-7.

Zymogen proteolysis within the pancreatic acinar cell is associated with cellular injury.

Author information

  • 1Department of Surgery, Veterans Affairs Connecticut Healthcare System, West Haven, Connecticut 06516, USA.

Abstract

The pathological activation of digestive zymogens within the pancreatic acinar cell probably plays a central role in initiating many forms of pancreatitis. To examine the relationship between zymogen activation and acinar cell injury, we investigated the effects of secretagogue treatment on isolated pancreatic acini. Immunofluorescence studies using antibodies to the trypsinogen-activation peptide demonstrated that both CCK (10(-7) M) hyperstimulation and bombesin (10(-5) M) stimulation of isolated acini resulted in trypsinogen processing to trypsin. These treatments also induced the proteolytic processing of procarboxypeptidase A1 to carboxypeptidase A1 (CA1). After CCK hyperstimulation, most CA1 remained in the acinar cell. In contrast, the CA1 generated by bombesin was released from the acinar cell. CCK hyperstimulation of acini was associated with cellular injury, whereas bombesin treatment did not induce injury. These studies suggest that 1) proteolytic zymogen processing occurs within the pancreatic acinar cell and 2) both zymogen activation and the retention of enzymes within the acinar cell may be required to induce injury.

PMID:
9815031
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk