Display Settings:


Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 1998 Nov;287(2):527-37.

SP/W-5186, A cysteine-containing nitric oxide donor, attenuates postischemic myocardial injury.

Author information

  • 1Division of Emergency Medicine, Thomas Jefferson University, Monheim, Germany.


The effects of SP/W-5186, a cysteine-containing nitric oxide (.NO) donor, on myocardial reperfusion injury were studied in a rabbit ischemia (45 min) and reperfusion (180 min) model. Five min before reperfusion, either low-dose (0.3 micromol/kg) or high-dose (1 micromol/kg) SP/W-5186 was given intravenously as a bolus. Administration of 0.3 micromol/kg SP/W-5186 did not change mean arterial blood pressure, heart rate or pressure-rate index. However, administration of low-dose SP/W-5186 exerted marked cardioprotective effects as evidenced by improved cardiac functional recovery (P <.05 vs. vehicle), decreased plasma creatine kinase concentration (P <. 01) and reduced infarct size (P <.01). Moreover, administration of SP/W-5186 significantly decreased platelet aggregation (P <.01 vs. vehicle), attenuated polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMN) accumulation in myocardial tissue, inhibited PMN adhesion to endothelial cells and preserved endothelial function. Administration of high-dose SP/W-5186 resulted in a transient but significant decrease in mean arterial blood pressure and exerted more cardiac protection compared with low-dose treatment. However, the effects on platelet aggregation, PMN accumulation and PMN adhesion did not differ significantly between the two SP/W-5186 groups. Furthermore, administration of SP/W-6373, an analogue of SP/W-5186 that lacks the NO moiety, failed to exert any protective effects. These results demonstrate that NO released from SP/W-5186 significantly protected myocardial tissue from reperfusion injury. The primary mechanisms of the observed cardioprotection by SP/W-5186 involve inhibition of platelet aggregation, attenuation of PMN-endothelium interaction and preservation of endothelial function.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

LinkOut - more resources

Full Text Sources

Other Literature Sources

Molecular Biology Databases

PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk