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Genes Dev. 1998 Nov 1;12(21):3408-18.

Faithful anaphase is ensured by Mis4, a sister chromatid cohesion molecule required in S phase and not destroyed in G1 phase.

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  • 1CREST Research Project, Department of Biophysics, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Kitashirakawa-oiwake-cho, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606, Japan.


The loss of sister chromatid cohesion triggers anaphase spindle movement. The budding yeast Mcd1/Scc1 protein, called cohesin, is required for associating chromatids, and proteins homologous to it exist in a variety of eukaryotes. Mcd1/Scc1 is removed from chromosomes in anaphase and degrades in G1. We show that the fission yeast protein, Mis4, which is required for equal sister chromatid separation in anaphase is a different chromatid cohesion molecule that behaves independent of cohesin and is conserved from yeast to human. Its inactivation in G1 results in cell lethality in S phase and subsequent premature sister chromatid separation. Inactivation in G2 leads to cell death in subsequent metaphase-anaphase progression but missegregation occurs only in the next round of mitosis. Mis4 is not essential for condensation, nor does it degrade in G1. Rather, it associates with chromosomes in a punctate fashion throughout the cell cycle. mis4 mutants are hypersensitive to hydroxyurea (HU) and UV irradiation but retain the ability to restrain cell cycle progression when damaged or sustaining a block to replication. The mis4 mutation results in synthetic lethality with a DNA ligase mutant. Mis4 may form a stable link between chromatids in S phase that is split rather than removed in anaphase.

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