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J Infect Dis. 1998 Oct;178(4):1158-62.

Persistent expansion, in a human immunodeficiency virus-infected person, of V beta-restricted CD4+CD8+ T lymphocytes that express cytotoxicity-associated molecules and are committed to produce interferon-gamma and tumor necrosis factor-alpha.

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  • 1INSERM U430, Hôpital Broussais, Paris, France.


The present study describes the persistent expansion of a subpopulation of circulating double-positive CD4+CD8+ T cells in a human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected person over 8 years. The percentage of double-positive cells was remarkably stable with time and was not related to HIV plasma virus load. CD4+CD8+ cells exhibited phenotypic characteristics of activated memory T lymphocytes. Analysis of V beta usage by the T cell receptors of these cells indicated restricted expression to the V beta 14 and V beta 17 families. Most CD4+CD8+ cells constitutively expressed cytotoxicity-associated molecules (C1.7 and perforin) and were selectively committed to produce interferon-gamma and tumor necrosis factor-alpha, cytokines involved in cytotoxic function. The kinetics of changes in the relative proportion of single-positive CD4+ and double-positive CD4+CD8+ T cell subsets and a similar bias in V beta usage by these subsets suggest that CD4+CD8+ lymphocytes originate from peripheral expansion of mature CD4+ T cells.

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