Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 1998 Oct;39(7):1037-44.

Disentangling the overlap between Tourette's disorder and ADHD.

Author information

  • 1Pediatric Psychopharmacology Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston 02114, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To identify similarities and differences in neuropsychiatric correlates in children with Tourette's syndrome (TS) and those with ADHD.

METHOD:

The sample consisted of children with Tourette's syndrome with ADHD (N = 79), children with Tourette's syndrome without ADHD (N = 18), children with ADHD (N = 563), psychiatrically referred children (N = 212), and healthy controls (N = 140).

RESULTS:

Disorders specifically associated with Tourette's syndrome were obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) and simple phobias. Rates of other disorders, including other disruptive behavioral, mood, and anxiety disorders, neuropsychologic correlates, and social and school functioning were indistinguishable in children with Tourette's and ADHD. However, children with Tourette's syndrome plus ADHD had more additional comorbid disorders overall and lower psychosocial function than children with ADHD.

CONCLUSIONS:

These findings confirm previously noted associations between Tourette's syndrome and OCD but suggest that disruptive behavioral, mood, and anxiety disorders as well as cognitive dysfunctions may be accounted for by comorbidity with ADHD. However, Tourette's syndrome plus ADHD appears to be a more severe condition than ADHD alone.

PMID:
9804036
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk