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J Exp Med. 1998 Nov 2;188(9):1657-68.

Characterization of gene expression in resting and activated mast cells.

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  • 1Arthritis and Rheumatism Branch, National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA. chenhu@exchange.nih.gov

Erratum in

  • J Exp Med 1998 Dec 21;188(12):2387.


To characterize gene expression in activated mast cells more comprehensively than heretofore, we surveyed the changes in genetic transcripts by the method of serial analysis of gene expression in the RBL-2H3 line of rat mast cells before and after they were stimulated through their receptors with high affinity for immunoglobulin E (FcepsilonRI). A total of 40,759 transcripts derived from 11,300 genes were analyzed. Among the diverse genes that had not been previously associated with mast cells and that were constitutively expressed were those for the cytokine macrophage migration inhibitory factor neurohormone receptors such as growth hormone- releasing factor and melatonin and components of the exocytotic machinery. In addition, several dozen transcripts were differentially expressed in response to antigen-induced clustering of the FcepsilonRI. Included among these were the genes for preprorelaxin, mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 3, and the dual specificity protein phosphatase, rVH6. Significantly, the majority of genes differentially expressed in this well-studied model of mast cell activation have not been identified before this analysis.

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