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Eur J Cancer. 1998 May;34(6):931-3.

Serum interleukin 1 in ovarian cancer patients.

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  • 1Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, University of Vienna Medical School, General Hospital Vienna, Austria.


Interleukin-1 (IL-1) is a multifunctional cytokine playing a central role in the immune response and displaying direct cytotoxic activity in vitro. Serum IL-1 alpha and beta levels were measured by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in 75 ovarian cancer patients, 30 patients with benign ovarian cysts and 50 healthy controls. Both serum IL-1 alpha and IL-1 beta levels were more often elevated in ovarian cancer patients compared with healthy controls (chi-square test, P < 0.001 and P < 0.001, respectively). Mean serum IL-1 alpha and beta levels decreased significantly after surgical intervention (paired t-test, P = 0.0001 and P = 0.0002, respectively). No correlation with histopathological parameters and overall and disease-free survival was found. These preliminary results indicate that serum levels of IL-1 alpha and beta represent a host defence reaction rather than an autonomous tumour cell production.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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