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J Bacteriol. 1998 Nov;180(21):5652-9.

Identification, purification, and characterization of transpeptidase and glycosyltransferase domains of Streptococcus pneumoniae penicillin-binding protein 1a.

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  • 1Institut de Biologie Structurale Jean-Pierre Ebel (CEA/CNRS), 38027 Grenoble Cedex 1, France.


Resistance to beta-lactam antibiotics in Streptococcus pneumoniae is due to alteration of penicillin-binding proteins (PBPs). S. pneumoniae PBP 1a belongs to the class A high-molecular-mass PBPs, which harbor transpeptidase (TP) and glycosyltransferase (GT) activities. The GT active site represents a new potential target for the generation of novel nonpenicillin antibiotics. The 683-amino-acid extracellular region of PBP 1a (PBP 1a*) was expressed in Escherichia coli as a GST fusion protein. The GST-PBP 1a* soluble protein was purified, and its domain organization was revealed by limited proteolysis. A protease-resistant fragment spanning Ser 264 to Arg 653 exhibited a reactivity profile against both beta-lactams and substrate analogues similar to that of the parent protein. This protein fragment represents the TP domain. The GT domain (Ser 37 to Lys 263) was expressed as a recombinant GST fusion protein. Protection by moenomycin of the GT domain against trypsin degradation was interpreted as an interaction between the GT domain and the moenomycin.

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