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Virology. 1998 Sep 30;249(2):286-96.

Effect of Rev on the intranuclear localization of HIV-1 unspliced RNA.

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  • 1Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina, 29425-2230, USA.


Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) Rev is a 19-kDa regulatory protein which binds to unspliced and partially spliced HIV-1 RNAs. Export, splicing, stability, and translation of HIV-1 RNAs are influenced by Rev. To further understand the effect of Rev on HIV-1 RNA splicing, the intranuclear localization of unspliced HIV-1 RNA and a cellular splicing factor was examined in the presence and absence of Rev. Splicing component-35 (SC-35) is an essential SR protein splicing factor which localizes into 20-40 nuclear granules (Fu, X. D., and Maniatis, T. Nature 343 (6257), 437-441, 1990). Laser scanning confocal microscopy was utilized to examine the colocalization of unspliced HIV-1 RNA and SC-35-containing granules. In the presence of Rev, many of the SC-35-containing granules were colocalized on their edges or completely colocalized with HIV-1 unspliced RNA speckles. In the absence of Rev, however, little colocalization of the unspliced HIV-1 RNA speckles and the SC-35-containing granules was observed. Quantitative RT-PCR was utilized to examine the effect of Rev on the level of fully spliced HIV-1 RNA. In the presence of Rev, a decrease in the level of fully spliced HIV-1 RNA was observed. Thus both the intranuclear localization and posttranscriptional processing of HIV-1 unspliced RNA are affected by Rev.

Copyright 1998 Academic Press.

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