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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1998 Oct 27;95(22):12973-6.

Guanine nucleotide exchange factor GEF115 specifically mediates activation of Rho and serum response factor by the G protein alpha subunit Galpha13.

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  • 1Department of Pharmacology and Physiology, University of Rochester, NY 14642, USA.


Signal transduction pathways that mediate activation of serum response factor (SRF) by heterotrimeric G protein alpha subunits were characterized in transfection systems. Galphaq, Galpha12, and Galpha13, but not Galphai, activate SRF through RhoA. When Galphaq, alpha12, or alpha13 were coexpressed with a Rho-specific guanine nucleotide exchange factor GEF115, Galpha13, but not Galphaq or Galpha12, showed synergistic activation of SRF with GEF115. The synergy between Galpha13 and GEF115 depends on the N-terminal part of GEF115, and there was no synergistic effect between Galpha13 and another Rho-specific exchange factor Lbc. In addition, the Dbl-homology (DH)-domain-deletion mutant of GEF115 inhibited Galpha13- and Galpha12-induced, but not GEF115 itself- or Galphaq-induced, SRF activation. The DH-domain-deletion mutant also suppressed thrombin- and lysophosphatidic acid-induced SRF activation in NIH 3T3 cells, probably by inhibition of Galpha12/13. The N-terminal part of GEF115 contains a sequence motif that is homologous to the regulator of G protein signaling (RGS) domain of RGS12. RGS12 can inhibit both Galpha12 and Galpha13. Thus, the inhibition of Galpha12/13 by the DH-deletion mutant may be due to the RGS activity of the mutant. The synergism between Galpha13 and GEF115 indicates that GEF115 mediates Galpha13-induced activation of Rho and SRF.

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