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Int J Biochem Cell Biol. 1998 Oct;30(10):1075-9.


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  • 1School of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University Hospital, Queen's Medical Centre, Nottingham, UK.


Interleukin 1 (IL1) is a primary regulator of inflammatory and immune responses. Via its type I receptor it activates specific protein kinases, including the NF kappa B inducing kinase (NIK) and three distinct mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase cascades. These modulate a number of transcription factors including NF kappa B, AP1 and CREB each of which regulate a plethora of immediate early genes central to the inflammatory response. Phase I clinical trials of the soluble type I receptor and IRAP indicate that these have potential anti-inflammatory effects.

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