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J Womens Health. 1998 Sep;7(7):861-71.

Alcoholism and alcohol abuse among women: report of the Council on Scientific Affairs. American Medical Association.


We describe characteristics of women alcohol abusers, risk factors for alcoholism in women, barriers to treatment, and implications and strategies for physicians dealing with alcohol abuse in women patients, including risk assessments and intervention strategies. Alcohol abuse and alcoholism have a different physiologic effect on women than on men. Societal attitudes about women and alcohol and internal (self-perception) and external (environmental) factors can create barriers to the detection and treatment of female alcohol abusers. Physicians are in an excellent position to address the medical, psychologic, and social concomitants of alcoholism and alcohol abuse. The Council on Scientific Affairs recommends that physicians become more active in the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of alcohol-related problems in women, including the diseases that may be associated with chronic alcohol abuse and the effect of alcohol on the developing fetus. Specific American Medical Association policy and recommendations for physician practice are included.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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