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Genes Dev. 1998 Oct 15;12(20):3162-7.

Cooperation between the Cdk inhibitors p27(KIP1) and p57(KIP2) in the control of tissue growth and development.

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  • 1Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York 10461 USA.


Cell cycle exit is required for terminal differentiation of many cell types. The retinoblastoma protein Rb has been implicated both in cell cycle exit and differentiation in several tissues. Rb is negatively regulated by cyclin-dependent kinases (Cdks). The main effectors that down-regulate Cdk activity to activate Rb are not known in the lens or other tissues. In this study, using multiple mutant mice, we show that the Cdk inhibitors p27(KIP1) and p57(KIP2) function redundantly to control cell cycle exit and differentiation of lens fiber cells and placental trophoblasts. These studies demonstrate that p27(KIP1) and p57(KIP2) are critical terminal effectors of signal transduction pathways that control cell differentiation.

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