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Avian Dis. 1998 Jul-Sep;42(3):585-8.

Reduction of fecal shedding and egg contamination of Salmonella enteritidis by increasing the number of heterophil adaptations.

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  • 1Veterinary Medical Research Institute, College of Veterinary Medicine, Iowa State University, Ames 50011, USA.

Abstract

Serial passage of Salmonella enteritidis (SE) in chicken heterophils resulted in heterophil-adapted SE (HASE). We now report that an additional five heterophil passages have further reduced the number and frequency of fecal shedding of HASE. Eleven-times HASE (11 x HASE) given to 12 laying hens for three consecutive days reduced fecal shedding of 11 x HASE to three isolations from fecal samples during the 70-day postexposure observation period. Hens were exposed to challenge SE 74 days after treatment with 11 x HASE. Three of 12 11 x HASE-treated hens were positive for challenge SE (11/396 fecal samples, or 2.8%) between days 5 and 40 postchallenge, whereas all 12 challenge control birds were positive (118/420 fecal samples, or 28.1%) for SE. None of 12 11 x HASE-treated hens was fecal positive from day 9 postchallenge, whereas 10 of 12 challenge control hens (82/372 fecal samples, or 22.0%) remained positive until day 40, the termination of the experiment. None of 525 eggs and eggshells cultured after 11 x HASE exposure was positive for Salmonella, and none of 422 eggs and eggshells cultured after challenge SE exposure was positive for Salmonella. Eggs or eggshells from challenge control hens were positive for Salmonella in 12/479 (2.5%) cases after challenge SE exposure.

PMID:
9777160
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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