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Outcomes Manag Nurs Pract. 1998 Jul-Sep;2(3):105-10.

Dignified dying as a nursing outcome.

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  • 1College of Nursing, University of Iowa, Iowa City 55242-1121, USA.


The goal for humanistic end-of-life care is to maintain quality of life and personal dignity. The nursing outcome called "dignified dying" is defined as maintaining personal control and comfort with the approaching end of life and lists indicators for measuring this. These criteria enable nurses to measure the effectiveness of their nursing interventions, monitor patient progress over time, and summarize research data. This article describes the development of this outcome and illustrates its use with a case study.

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