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J Biol Chem. 1998 Oct 23;273(43):28155-62.

Oncogenic Ha-Ras-dependent mitogen-activated protein kinase activity requires signaling through the epidermal growth factor receptor.

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  • 1Department of Cell Biology, The Lerner Research Institute, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio 44195, USA. hamiltm@cesmtp.ccf.org

Abstract

C3H10T1/2 fibroblasts transformed by the minimal expression of oncogenic Ha-Ras (V12H10 cells) or N-Ras (K61N10 cells) have constitutive mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) activity and proliferate in serum-free medium. The constitutive MAPK activity and serum-independent proliferation of V12H10 cells are sensitive to the growth factor antagonist, suramin (Hamilton, M., and Wolfman, A. (1998) Oncogene 16, 1417-1428), suggesting that Ha-Ras-mediated regulation of the MAPK cascade is dependent upon the action of an autocrine factor. Serum-free medium conditioned by V12H10 cells contains an activity that stimulates MAPK activity in quiescent fibroblasts. This MAPK stimulatory activity could be specifically blocked by the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibitors, PD153035 and PD158780. These inhibitors also blocked the serum-independent proliferation of V12H10 cells. Immunodepletion of conditioned medium with antibodies to transforming growth factor alpha and EGF significantly inhibited its ability to stimulate MAPK activity. Stable transfection of EGFR-negative NR6 and EGFR-positive Swiss3T3 cells with oncogenic (G12V)Ha-Ras demonstrated that only the Ha-Ras-transfected Swiss 3T3 cells possessed constitutive MAPK activity, and this activity was sensitive to PD153035. These data suggest that autocrine activation of the EGFR is required for the regulation of the MAPK cascade in cells minimally expressing oncogenic Ha-Ras.

PMID:
9774435
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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