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Acta Odontol Scand. 1998 Aug;56(4):233-7.

Prolonged pacifier-sucking and use of a nursing bottle at night: possible risk factors for dental caries in children.

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  • 1Department of Preventive Dentistry and Cariology, Institute of Dentistry, University of Oulu, Finland.

Abstract

At the baseline of this cohort study we determined risk factors for colonization of oral lactobacilli and candida in a group of children (n = 166) whose mean age was 2.5 years. The results showed that pacifier-sucking and the use of a nursing bottle at night increase the occurrence of both salivary lactobacilli and candida. In the present study these children were followed for 2 years, and the progression of caries was recorded with particular reference to the etiologic factors measured before. The results of the logistic regression analysis showed prolonged pacifier-sucking (> or = 24 months) to be a significant risk factor for caries development in children, with a rather high relative risk (RR) of 3.5 (95% confidence interval (CI), 1.5-8.2; P= 0.003). Prolonged use of a nursing bottle at night (> or = 24 months) was also a risk factor, but less significant than pacifier-sucking (RR, 2.6; CI, 1.1-6.4; P= 0.03). On the grounds of this study we conclude that prolonged pacifier-sucking (> or = 2 years) and use of a nursing bottle at night are risk factors for dental caries in children.

PMID:
9765016
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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