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Mol Biol Cell. 1998 Oct;9(10):2751-65.

Highly stoichiometric, stable, and specific association of integrin alpha3beta1 with CD151 provides a major link to phosphatidylinositol 4-kinase, and may regulate cell migration.

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  • 1Department of Cancer Immunology and AIDS, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and Department of Pathology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA.


Here we describe an association between alpha3beta1 integrin and transmembrane-4 superfamily (TM4SF) protein CD151. This association is maintained in relatively stringent detergents and thus is remarkably stable in comparison with previously reported integrin-TM4SF protein associations. Also, the association is highly specific (i.e., observed in vitro in absence of any other cell surface proteins), and highly stoichiometric (nearly 90% of alpha3beta1 associated with CD151). In addition, alpha3beta1 and CD151 appeared in parallel on many cell lines and showed nearly identical skin staining patterns. Compared with other integrins, alpha3beta1 exhibited a considerably higher level of associated phosphatidylinositol-4-kinase (PtdIns 4-kinase) activity, most of which was removed upon immunodepletion of CD151. Specificity for CD151 and PtdIns 4-kinase association resided in the extracellular domain of alpha3beta1, thus establishing a novel paradigm for the specific recruitment of an intracellular signaling molecule. Finally, antibodies to either CD151 or alpha3beta1 caused a approximately 88-92% reduction in neutrophil motility in response to f-Met-Leu-Phe on fibronectin, suggesting an functionally important role of these complexes in cell migration.

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