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J Appl Physiol (1985). 1998 Oct;85(4):1516-22.

Effect of exercise timing on postprandial lipemia and HDL cholesterol subfractions.

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  • 1Exercise Physiology Laboratory, Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, University of Missouri-Columbia, Columbia, Missouri 65212, USA.


The purpose of the study was to examine the effect of exercise timing on postprandial lipemia responses. Subjects were 21 recreationally trained men (ages 27 +/- 1.7 yr). Each subject performed four trials: 1) Control (fat meal only), 2) Post (exercise 1 h after a fat meal), 3) 1 h-Pre (exercise 1 h before a fat meal), and 4) 12 h-Pre (exercise 12 h before a fat meal). In each trial, subjects had a standard fat meal to induce postprandial hypertriglyceridemia. Blood samples were taken at 0 h (immediately before the fat meal) and at 2, 4, 6, 8, and 24 h after the meal. In the exercise trials, each subject exercised at 60% of maximal O2 consumption for 1 h. The results indicated that triglyceride area under the curve scores in premeal-exercise trials were lower (P < 0. 05) than those in Post and Control. At 24 h, total high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol in the premeal-exercise trials was higher (P < 0.05) than that at 0 h, whereas total HDL-cholesterol was not changed in Control and Post. At 24 h, HDL subtype 2-cholesterol was higher (P < 0.05) in the premeal-exercise trials than in Control, which did not differ from Post. These results suggest that exercising before a fat meal may have a beneficial effect on the triglyceride response and HDL metabolism, which may blunt atherosclerotic process induced by the fat meal.

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