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Cell Immunol. 1998 Oct 10;189(1):25-30.

Regulation of interleukin-12 production in human cells stimulated with Mycobacterium bovis BCG.

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  • 1Departamento de Inmunología, Escuela Nacional de Ciencias Biológicas, IPN, Carpio y Plan de Ayala, México, D.F., 11340, México.

Abstract

Interleukin 12 (IL-12) is a monokine which plays a critical role in resistance to Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection. However, little is known about the regulation of IL-12 production by human cells stimulated with BCG. Here we report that in vitro infection of human mononuclear cells with M. bovis BCG induces the release of IL-12 protein. We also observed that the ability of BCG to stimulate release of IL-12 from human cells was significantly inhibited by IL-10. The inhibitory effect of IL-10 on the secretion of IL-12 was specific, as it was significantly abolished in the presence of anti-IL-10 neutralizing monoclonal antibody. These results were further confirmed as anti-IL-10 antibodies markedly increased the levels of IL-12, suggesting that BCG-induced IL-10, as well as exogenous IL-10, can regulate IL-12 production by human cells stimulated with M. bovis BCG. Interestingly, IFN-gamma production in response to BCG had no significant increase by the addition of neutralizing antibodies to IL-10. Moreover, anti-IL-12 antibodies markedly reduced the levels of IFN-gamma produced by BCG-stimulated human cells and abrogated the capacity of anti-IL-10 to increase BCG-induced IFN-gamma. These studies are the first to demonstrate a regulatory effect on IL-12 production by human cells infected with M. bovis BCG and at the same time suggest that IL-12 may play an essential role during the human immune response to M. bovis BCG stimulation.

Copyright 1998 Academic Press.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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