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Int Angiol. 1998 Jun;17(2):93-6.

Prevention of deep vein thrombosis in knee arthroplasty. Preliminary results from a randomized controlled study of low molecular weight heparin vs foot pump compression.

Author information

  • 1Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Lund University, Sweden.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

We evaluated in a randomized controlled study the possibility to use foot pump mechanical compression compared to routine LMWH as prophylaxis against deep vein thrombosis during knee arthroplasty.

METHODS:

Forty patients were included in this preliminary report. Eleven patients withdrew, usually during the early phase of the study.

RESULTS:

Among the 29 patients completing a venography, 27% in the compression group and none in the LMWH group had a DVT. This difference was statistically significant (p<0.05). One further patient in the compression group died from pulmonary embolism 17 days postoperatively.

CONCLUSIONS:

With the present study protocol, mechanical foot pump compression failed to be as efficient as LMWH prophylaxis.

PMID:
9754896
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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