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Biochem Pharmacol. 1998 Sep 15;56(6):709-18.

Phorbol ester-induced P-glycoprotein phosphorylation and functionality in the HTB-123 human breast cancer cell line.

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  • 1Department of Radiation Oncology and Sylvester Cancer Center, University of Miami School of Medicine, FL 33136, USA.


The discordance between P-glycoprotein (P-gp) expression and functionality [as measured by the efflux of doxorubicin (DOX)] was analyzed in a DOX-sensitive human breast cancer cell line (HTB-123) with high reactivity against four P-gp specific monoclonal antibodies (C219, MRK-16, UIC2, and 4E3). Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and Western blotting analyses confirmed the overexpression of MDR1 mRNA and P-gp in this cell line. However, incubation of cells with efflux blockers, verapamil (VPL) or dipyridamole (DPD), did not enhance cellular (DOX) accumulation or cytotoxicity. Upon incubation with 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA), HTB-123 cells retained less DOX than control cells and were sensitive to the efflux blockers verapamil or dipyridamole. These observations suggest that 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate-induced P-gp phosphorylation may be associated with induction of P-gp-mediated drug efflux in the HTB-123 cell line.

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