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Behav Res Ther. 1998 Dec;36(12):1177-83.

Cognitive bias in acute stress disorder.

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  • 1School of Psychology, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia.

Abstract

Cognitive bias was investigated in survivors of motor vehicle accidents with either acute stress disorder (ASD; n = 17) or no ASD (n = 17). Participants completed the acute stress disorder interview, the Beck depression inventory, the Beck anxiety inventory, the impact of event scale, and a probability questionnaire (PQ) and a cost questionnaire (CQ) within four weeks of their accident. ASD participants exaggerated both the probability of negative events occurring, and the adverse cost of those events more than non-ASD participants. IES-Avoidance scores were the only significant predictors of both PQ and CQ scores. Findings are discussed in terms of the role of cognitive errors in posttraumatic adjustment.

PMID:
9745802
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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