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J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1998 Sep;83(9):3277-84.

Plasma adrenal, gonadal, and conjugated steroids before and after long-term overfeeding in identical twins.

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  • 1Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Abstract

An analysis of the data collected in the Quebec Overfeeding Study of identical twins was undertaken to determine any evidence of a genotype effect on plasma levels of adrenal and gonadal steroids arising from long term positive energy balance. Plasma levels of sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG), testosterone, dihydrotestosterone (DHT), dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEA-S), androsterone glucuronide, androstane-3 alpha, 17 beta-diol glucuronide (3 alpha-DIOL-G), and cortisol were measured in 12 pairs of young, sedentary, male monozygotic twins before and after 100 days of overfeeding. The dietary energy excess of 4.2 MJ/day (1000 Cal), 6 days a week, resulted in a total positive energy balance of 353 MJ (84,000 Cal). Overfeeding induced significant changes (P < 0.0001) in body weight and other measures of body composition. Within-twin pair resemblance was observed at baseline in all steroids, except cortisol [intraclass correlation range: DHEA-S, 0.50 (P < 0.05); DHT, 0.77 (P < 0.001)] and was lost with overfeeding, except for DHT and SHBG (P < 0.05). SHBG levels fell and 3 alpha-DIOL-G rose with the gain in body fatness. The change in testosterone was a significant correlate of the change in upper body fat (r = -0.48; P < 0.05). The change in 3 alpha-DIOL-G correlated positively with increases in all measures of central adiposity (r = 0.52; P < 0.01). A decrease in DHEA-S occurred with a higher, but not with a lower, gain in abdominal visceral fat (P < 0.05). Thus, analysis of adrenal and gonadal steroids and of conjugated metabolites before and after overfeeding in monozygous twins supports the idea that there is a genotype effect on steroid circulating steroid levels and that these blood levels are correlated with the pattern of body fat distribution. Moreover, the baseline within-twin pairs similarity in steroid levels was attenuated by prolonged positive energy balance and body fat gain.

PMID:
9745441
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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