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Am J Med Genet. 1998 Aug 27;79(1):30-4.

Familial complex chromosome rearrangement giving rise to balanced and unbalanced recombination products.

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  • 1Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology, American University of Beirut Medical Center, Lebanon.


We report on a family ascertained through a 14-month-old girl with a terminal deletion of chromosome 8p23.1. Analysis of the karyotype of other relatives showed that the mother is the carrier of a balanced complex 4-break chromosome rearrangement, which she and her brother inherited from their father following recombination. This complex chromosome rearrangement (CCR) was confirmed by fluorescence in-situ hybridization (FISH) using libraries for chromosomes 1, 8, and 9, and telomeric probes for the long arm of chromosome 9. The karyotype of the maternal grandfather was 46,XY,t(1;8) (p31;q21.1),t(8;9) (p23.1;q34). The karyotype of his daughter is 46,XX,rec(8)t(1;8) (p31;q21.1)t(8;9)(p23.1;q34)pat. The karyotype of the proposita is 46,XX,rec(8)t(8;9) (p23.1;q34)mat, and that of her abnormal elder sister is 46,XX,t(1;8)(p31;q21.1)rec(8) t(8;9) (p23.1;q34)mat,der(9)t(8;9) (p23.1;q34) mat. Unbalanced segregation and/or recombination during maternal meiosis gave rise to the two abnormal sisters, one effectively with 8p trisomy and the other with monosomy for that same 8p segment. To our knowledge, this is the first case of a familial CCR giving rise to unbalanced recombination products.

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