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J Surg Res. 1998 Sep;79(1):47-53.

Heat shock preconditioning ameliorates liver injury following normothermic ischemia-reperfusion in steatotic rat livers.

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  • 1Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan.


The decreased tolerance of steatotic livers to warm ischemia complicates liver surgery. The efficacy of heat shock preconditioning in steatotic livers to lessen ischemia-reperfusion injury was studied in rats. Steatotic liver was produced in Lewis rats with a choline-deficient diet. Rats with steatotic livers were divided into a heat shock preconditioned group (group HS) and a control group (group C). All rats received 45 min of hepatic warm ischemia. Survival rates and changes in biochemical and histological parameters were compared in both groups. Heat shock protein 72 (HSP72) was produced only in group HS. The 7-day survival of the rats after warm ischemic intervention was significantly better in group HS (13/15) than in group C (5/15) (P < 0.01). The concentration of ATP in liver tissue (n = 10, P < 0.01) and serum levels of aspartate aminotransferase (n = 10, P < 0.05), alanine aminotransferase (n = 10, P < 0.01), and lactic dehydrogenase (n = 10, P < 0.01) at 40 min reperfusion were also significantly better in group HS than in group C. Histological examination at 40 min reperfusion showed severe sinusoidal congestion, hepatocyte necrosis, and increased positivity to 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal-modified proteins in group C livers; these signs were markedly suppressed in group HS livers. The data indicate that heat shock preconditioning provides the steatotic rat liver with significant tolerance to warm ischemia-reperfusion injury.

Copyright 1998 Academic Press.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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