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Circ Res. 1998 Sep 7;83(5):516-22.

Regulation of cardiomyocyte apoptotic signaling by insulin-like growth factor I.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, University of California, Irvine 92697-4086, USA.

Abstract

Apoptosis is regulated by specific intracellular signaling pathways. The development of cardiomyopathy involves the apoptosis of cardiomyocytes; however, the details of their apoptotic signaling are not yet known. Insulin-like growth factor I (IGF I) is an important survival growth factor for myocardium and other tissues, but the effects of IGF I on apoptotic signaling remain largely unknown. To study apoptotic signaling pathways in cardiomyocytes and to understand IGF I actions on the apoptotic signaling of cardiac muscle cells, we have defined the effects of IGF I on Bcl-2, Bax, caspase 3, DNA fragmentation, and cell survival in primary cardiomyocytes. Compared with Bax levels, the levels of Bcl-2 were found to be quite low in these cells. Serum withdrawal and doxorubicin reduced cell viability, increased fragmentation of DNA, increased cellular contents of Bax, and activated caspase 3. IGF I enhanced cell viability, suppressed DNA fragmentation, attenuated Bax induction, and suppressed caspase 3 activation. The levels of Bcl-2-associated Bax were increased after serum withdrawal and incubation with doxorubicin and were reduced by IGF I. Thus, cardiomyocyte apoptosis induced by serum withdrawal and doxorubicin likely results, in part, from the induction of Bax and activation of caspase 3, but IGF I may inhibit cardiomyocyte apoptosis by attenuating Bax induction and caspase 3 activation. These findings provide new insight into the mechanisms of cardiomyocytes apoptosis and may help elucidate how IGF I modulates apoptotic signaling in cardiac muscle.

PMID:
9734474
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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