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Mol Cell. 1998 Aug;2(2):201-12.

Structures of SAP-1 bound to DNA targets from the E74 and c-fos promoters: insights into DNA sequence discrimination by Ets proteins.

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  • 1The Wistar Institute, Department of Chemistry, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia 19104, USA.


SAP-1 is a member of the Ets transcription factors and cooperates with SRF protein to activate transcription of the c-fos protooncogene. The crystal structures of the conserved ETS domain of SAP-1 bound to DNA sequences from the E74 and c-fos promoters reveal that a set of conserved residues contact a GGA core DNA sequence. Discrimination for sequences outside this core is mediated by DNA contacts from conserved and nonconserved protein residues and sequence-dependent DNA structural properties characteristic of A-form DNA structure. Comparison with the related PU.1/DNA and GABPalpha/beta/DNA complexes provides general insights into DNA discrimination between Ets proteins. Modeling studies of a SAP-1/SRF/DNA complex suggest that SRF may modulate SAP-1 binding to DNA by interacting with its ETS domain.

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