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Science. 1998 Sep 11;281(5383):1677-9.

Activation of the ATM kinase by ionizing radiation and phosphorylation of p53.

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  • 1The Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Oncology Center, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA.

Abstract

The p53 tumor suppressor protein is activated and phosphorylated on serine-15 in response to various DNA damaging agents. The gene product mutated in ataxia telangiectasia, ATM, acts upstream of p53 in a signal transduction pathway initiated by ionizing radiation. Immunoprecipitated ATM had intrinsic protein kinase activity and phosphorylated p53 on serine-15 in a manganese-dependent manner. Ionizing radiation, but not ultraviolet radiation, rapidly enhanced this p53-directed kinase activity of endogenous ATM. These observations, along with the fact that phosphorylation of p53 on serine-15 in response to ionizing radiation is reduced in ataxia telangiectasia cells, suggest that ATM is a protein kinase that phosphorylates p53 in vivo.

PMID:
9733515
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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