Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Nat Genet. 1998 Sep;20(1):25-30.

PAK3 mutation in nonsyndromic X-linked mental retardation.

Author information

  • 1Division of Neurogenetics, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA.

Abstract

Nonsyndromic X-linked mental retardation (MRX) syndromes are clinically homogeneous but genetically heterogeneous disorders, whose genetic bases are largely unknown. Affected individuals in a multiplex pedigree with MRX (MRX30), previously mapped to Xq22, show a point mutation in the PAK3 (p21-activated kinase) gene, which encodes a serine-threonine kinase. PAK proteins are crucial effectors linking Rho GTPases to cytoskeletal reorganization and to nuclear signalling. The mutation produces premature termination, disrupting kinase function. MRI analysis showed no gross defects in brain development. Immunofluorescence analysis showed that PAK3 protein is highly expressed in postmitotic neurons of the developing and postnatal cerebral cortex and hippocampus. Signal transduction through Rho GTPases and PAK3 may be critical for human cognitive function.

PMID:
9731525
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Nature Publishing Group
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk