Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
We are sorry, but NCBI web applications do not support your browser and may not function properly. More information
Diabetes. 1998 Sep;47(9):1519-24.

A common variant in PPP1R3 associated with insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes.

Author information

  • 1Phoenix Epidemiology and Clinical Research Branch, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Phoenix, Arizona 85016, USA.

Abstract

Selected candidate genes have been analyzed in the Pima Indians of Arizona based on evidence that insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes have significant genetic determinants. An amino acid substitution at codon 905 of the glycogen-targeting subunit of type 1 protein phosphatase that regulates skeletal muscle glycogenesis was recently reported to be associated with changes in insulin action in Danish subjects. In addition to the variant at 905, we report here a novel substitution at codon 883 and common variant of an "ATTTA" element in the 3'-untranslated region (UTR) of the corresponding gene (PPP1R3). The 3'-UTR variant resembled the mRNA-destabilizing AT(AU)-rich elements (AREs) and resulted in a 10-fold difference in reporter mRNA half-life, was correlated with PPP1R3 transcript and protein concentrations in vivo, and was associated with insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes in the Pimas. The variant is more common in Pimas (0.56) than in Caucasians (0.40). Because of its apparent effect on expression of PPP1R3, it may, in part, contribute to the higher prevalence of type 2 diabetes in this Native American population.

PMID:
9726244
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk