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Mol Biol Cell. 1998 Sep;9(9):2667-80.

The dynamics of golgi protein traffic visualized in living yeast cells.

Author information

  • 1MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge CB2 2QH, United Kingdom.

Abstract

We describe for the first time the visualization of Golgi membranes in living yeast cells, using green fluorescent protein (GFP) chimeras. Late and early Golgi markers are present in distinct sets of scattered, moving cisternae. The immediate effects of temperature-sensitive mutations on the distribution of these markers give clues to the transport processes occurring. We show that the late Golgi marker GFP-Sft2p and the glycosyltransferases, Anp1p and Mnn1p, disperse into vesicle-like structures within minutes of a temperature shift in sec18, sft1, and sed5 cells, but not in sec14 cells. This is consistent with retrograde vesicular traffic, mediated by the vesicle SNARE Sft1p, to early cisternae containing the target SNARE Sed5p. Strikingly, Sed5p itself moves rapidly to the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) in sec12 cells, implying that it cycles through the ER. Electron microscopy shows that Golgi membranes vesiculate in sec18 cells within 10 min of a temperature shift. These results emphasize the dynamic nature of Golgi cisternae and satisfy the kinetic requirements of a cisternal maturation model in which all resident proteins must undergo retrograde vesicular transport, either within the Golgi complex or from there to the ER, as anterograde cargo advances.

PMID:
9725919
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC25539
Free PMC Article
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