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Am J Physiol. 1998 Sep;275(3 Pt 1):G542-9.

Stimulation of oxygen uptake by prostaglandin E2 is oxygen dependent in perfused rat liver.

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  • 1Laboratory of Hepatobiology and Toxicology, Department of Pharmacology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599-7365, USA.


The aim of this study was to determine if the effect of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) on hepatic oxygen uptake was affected by oxygen tension. Livers from fed female Sprague-Dawley rats were perfused at normal or high flow rates (4 or 8 ml . g-1 . min-1) to vary local oxygen tension within the liver lobule. During perfusion at normal flow rates, PGE2 (5 microM) infusion increased oxygen uptake by about 50 micromol . g-1 . h-1; however, when livers were perfused at high flow rates, the increase was nearly twice as large. Simultaneously, glucose output was increased rapidly by about 50%, whereas glycolysis was decreased about 60%. When flow rate was held constant, increases in oxygen uptake due to PGE2 were proportional to oxygen delivery. Infusion of PGE2 into livers perfused at normal flow rates increased state 3 rates of oxygen uptake of subsequently isolated mitochondria by about 25%; however, rates were increased 50-75% in mitochondria isolated from livers perfused at high flow rates. Thus it is concluded that PGE2 stimulates oxygen uptake via mechanisms regulated by oxygen tension in perfused rat liver. High flow rates also increased basal rates of oxygen uptake: this increase was prevented by inactivation of Kupffer cells with GdCl3. In addition, conditioned medium from Kupffer cells incubated at high oxygen tension (75% oxygen) stimulated oxygen uptake of isolated parenchymal cells by >30% and elevated PGE2 production about twofold compared with Kupffer cells exposed to normal air-saturated buffer (21% oxygen). These effects were blocked completely by both indomethacin and nisoldipine. These data support the hypothesis that oxygen stimulates Kupffer cells to release mediators such as PGE2 which elevate oxygen consumption in parenchymal cells, possibly by mechanisms involving cyclooxygenase and calcium channels.

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