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J Cell Biol. 1998 Aug 24;142(4):1023-34.

Characterization of the p22 subunit of dynactin reveals the localization of cytoplasmic dynein and dynactin to the midbody of dividing cells.

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  • 1Department of Animal Biology, University of Pennsylvania School of Veterinary Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA.

Erratum in

  • J Cell Biol 1998 Oct 19;143(2):following 560.

Abstract

Dynactin, a multisubunit complex that binds to the microtubule motor cytoplasmic dynein, may provide a link between dynein and its cargo. Many subunits of dynactin have been characterized, elucidating the multifunctional nature of this complex. Using a dynein affinity column, p22, the smallest dynactin subunit, was isolated and microsequenced. The peptide sequences were used to clone a full-length human cDNA. Database searches with the predicted amino acid sequence of p22 indicate that this polypeptide is novel. We have characterized p22 as an integral component of dynactin by biochemical and immunocytochemical methods. Affinity chromatography experiments indicate that p22 binds directly to the p150(Glued) subunit of dynactin. Immunocytochemistry with antibodies to p22 demonstrates that this polypeptide localizes to punctate cytoplasmic structures and to the centrosome during interphase, and to kinetochores and to spindle poles throughout mitosis. Antibodies to p22, as well as to other dynactin subunits, also revealed a novel localization for dynactin to the cleavage furrow and to the midbodies of dividing cells; cytoplasmic dynein was also localized to these structures. We therefore propose that dynein/dynactin complexes may have a novel function during cytokinesis.

PMID:
9722614
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2132867
Free PMC Article

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